NAWCC Submission Guidelines

(updated Feb 2019)

NAWCC Publications and Submission Guidelines

Adhering to the following guidelines is the responsibility of the author. Failure to follow these guidelines will result in return of the submitted article.

The NAWCC’s Publications Department supports the Association’s guiding core purpose of encouraging and stimulating an interest in the art and science of horology through the Watch & Clock Bulletin, the Association’s bimonthly peer-reviewed journal; Mart & Highlights, the bimonthly buy, sell, or trade supplement containing Chapter news and events; and the wristwatch website, WatchNews.

Mart & Highlights

The Mart & Highlights contains advertisements as well as Chapter Highlights and cryptograms. Occasional articles and yearly reports also appear in this publication. Members who want to submit a cryptogram with a solution for a future issue or provide a solution to a current puzzle may email their submissions to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. All Chapter Highlights should be sent to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. To advertise in the Mart & Highlights, contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..


Content for WatchNews originates with NAWCC members, outside writers, and the website’s editor, Keith Lehman (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.). Contact Keith to submit an article.

Watch & Clock Bulletin

The Watch & Clock Bulletin presents horological research and information through features and articles reviewed by NAWCC members. The publication process takes an average of 9–13 months from initial submission to publication depending on the quality of the writing, turnaround time of the review and author revisions, subject matter, and availability of space.


Watch & Clock Bulletin Submission Guidelines


Submit all text for Watch & Clock Bulletin articles to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. The format for text is MS Word; PDFs are not accepted. After a submission is received by the Editor, no further changes can be made to text or figures until an edited version is sent to the author for review. All submissions are edited to adhere to NAWCC style. Include three to five key words for indexing purposes.

Submit photographs and illustrations in files (.JPG or .TIF) that are separate from the text. If photographs and illustrations are embedded in the same Word document as the text, the document will be returned to the author for the photographs and illustrations to be removed. See the following section on Figures and Tables before submitting files.

Each submission must have an About the Author paragraph, in which authors briefly describe themselves and their horological interests.


Types of Submissions


Articles present horological research and information and are reviewed by NAWCC members. Articles may be between 500 and 5,000 words in length—excluding the captions, tables, references, endnotes, acknowledgments, and about the author. If the article exceeds 5,000 words, the editor will advise the author to choose to either convert it into a series or reduce its size.


Photo Essays

Authors may submit photo essays to share a technique or a collection. Photographs must be numbered sequentially and have concise captions. Essays that promote products over technique are not accepted.


If an author submits an article that was published in another print or online publication, he or she must inform the editor. Permission must be granted from the initial publication in which the article appeared. If an author submits a previously published article with new information, permission still must be obtained to prevent copyright violations.

Recurring Columns

  • The Answer Box: Contributors may pose questions about a particular timepiece to the Library and Research Center in Columbia, PA. Photographs of the timepiece are required. Questions and photographs may be sent to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Photographs and illustrations will not be returned and will become the property of the NAWCC.
  • Auction News: Authors may describe a previous auction or the items auctioned off and their histories. Submissions that promote upcoming auctions are not accepted. Photographs are strongly suggested.
  • Fantastic Finds & Related Tales: Members may share their finds or unusual discoveries of interesting timepieces. Fredric J. Friedberg accepts submissions at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Photographs are required.
  • Horologica: Contributors may review a horological book, article, website, or exhibit. Photographs are encouraged if possible.
  • In Memorium: Authors may pay tribute to NAWCC members or significant horological figures who have died by submitting an In Memorium. Requirements are a maximum of 550 words. Photos are encouraged; one photo per In Memorium.
  • Poems: Original poems related to time, timekeeping, and timekeepers are accepted.
  • Profiles in Time: Authors may interview a noteworthy, interesting individual whose work contributes to the art or science of horology. Photographs are required. Authors may also recount the life and career of significant horological figures who have died.
  • Regional Recap: Authors may present their experiences regarding Regional events. Photographs are strongly suggested.
  • Research Activities & News: Contributors may share new information and on-going research about clocks, watches, and related topics or individuals. Ed Fasanella accepts submissions at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
  • A Special Interest: Special Interest Chapters may promote research, activities, or the Chapter itself. Historical topics may also be covered. Photographs are required.      
  • Vox Temporis | Letters to the Editor: Authors may present opinions and information about anything published in the Watch & Clock Bulletin.


Figures and Tables


Cite all figures (photographs or illustrations) in the text in numeric order. Figures must be a minimum of 300 dpi or 1,000 kb. The best format for figures is .JPG. Each .JPG must be named Figure 1, Figure 2, etc. or the files will be returned for renaming.

The caption is a brief description of the figure; it may be either a phrase or a sentence or two. This information should not be repeated in the text. Every figure must have a caption. Include captions in a separate Word document or at the end of the text document; do not include the caption in the name of the .JPG file or in the middle of the text. The following situations require sourcing to be added to the caption:

  • Public domain: If an image is identified as being in the public domain, it should be sourced as “Public Domain” with the name of the original source if available. For U.S. publications, only works published before 1924 are in the public domain. For all other works, please see “Private property” below.
  • Private property: If the figure was created by an individual or entity other than the author, it is the author’s responsibility to obtain written permission for In most cases, a simple email is fine. If the author chooses, he or she may also use the NAWCC permission form. The caption should contain “Courtesy of” or "Used with permission from” followed by complete information provided by the source. Please be aware that the absence of a copyright statement or mark on a website does not absolve the author from having to obtain permission. All websites containing original work are inherently copyrighted; a copyright statement or symbol is not necessary.

Note: Orphan works (i.e., works for which there is a copyright holder but it is impossible to identify or contact that holder) cannot be used.

In some cases the author may need to pay for reprint permission. If payment is required, the author should contact the editor to discuss whether the figure is integral to the article and if the author may be reimbursed by the NAWCC. All decisions regarding reimbursement are at the discretion of the Editor and are final.

Once written permission has been obtained, the author must send the documentation to the editor for the Publications Department records. The article will not be considered for publication until the editor has received this documentation. If permission requires that a copy of the printed article be sent to the original source, it is the responsibility of the author to send the copy.



Cite all tables in the text in numerical order. Provide titles for each table and for each column and row. Identify table notes in the table body with a superscript letter; each superscript letter should correspond to a table footnote. Include tables in a separate Word document or at the end of the text document; do not embed tables in the text.

If a table was not created by the author, the same rules for figures regarding permission must be followed. Permission information is provided in a source line at the bottom of the table.


References and Endnotes

Both references and endnotes require the use of superscript numbers in text, cited in numeric order. When a reference or an endnote is needed, the author inserts the superscript numbers—1, 2, 3, etc.—at the appropriate place in the text and then cites the sources at the end of the article. The NAWCC Publications Department does not use the “author, date” citation style in the text, nor does it use footnotes. Use of either styles will result in a submission being returned to the author for conversion to NAWCC style. Endnotes are not reserved strictly for source information; they may also contain pertinent anecdotes or opinions that do not fit with the flow of the text.

The author’s personal communications (letters, conversations, and emails) may be mentioned in the text or cited in the endnotes. Include the following: the first and last name of the individual, his or her title or brief identifying information, type of communication, and the day, month, and year of the communication.

Authors may present their sources in the following ways at the end of their articles:

  • References: This is a list of sources cited.
  • References and endnotes in one list: Authors may combine references and endnotes into one list if there are fewer than five entries in each list. In this case, endnotes would not provide a cited source but would provide additional information.
  • References and endnotes as two lists: If there are more than five entries in either list, two lists should be created.

Formatting References and Endnotes


Journal or Magazine Article

Taylor R, Mercury F, May B, Deacon J. Full title of article. Full Name of the Journal or Magazine 1997;4(2):11–24. [Year;volume(no.):page range]. For Watch & Clock Bulletin articles, please include month: 2018;60(July/August):303–304.


Starkey R, Epstein B, Martin G. Full Title of Book. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Horology Publishing, 1991:2–9.

Chapter in a Book

McCartney P, Harrison G. Full title of the chapter. In: Bowie, D., ed. Full Title of Book. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Horology Publishing, 1991:2–9.

Newspaper Article

Lennon J. Full title of article. Full Name of Newspaper, Day, month, year, page range.

Original Website Content

Author of the content (if not available, use the business or organization that controls the website). “Title of the content referred to on the website.” Website Name. Accessed on day, month, year. Entire url.



Last name, first name. “Full title of article.” Blog Name. Accessed on day, month, year. Entire url.



The NAWCC’s Publications Department discourages the use of Wikipedia as a primary source; instead, cite the original source or the reliable and relevant source referred to in the Wikipedia entry.